INVOLVEMENT OF TEACHERS AND ACTIVE STUDENTS
After a period of discussion, where significant differences of opinion were intertwined with misunderstandings, Our modern pedagogy includes the principle of the teacher's leading role in the upbringing process among the basic principles of the school system.
So there is no doubt, how important for upbringing in sobriety is the uniform and committed attitude of the entire teaching staff of the school to this task.
Of course, we do not mean identical forms and methods of action, nor the same degree of involvement.
It is about the uniformity of the position of teachers, which excludes the belief of students that is extremely harmful to achieving the intended goal, that one teacher appreciates the problem of upbringing in sobriety, and the other ignores.
The postulate of the involvement of the entire team of teachers in the tasks of upbringing in sobriety should not be commented on in this way, as if each teacher had the opportunity to the same scope and intensification of didactic and educational work in the discussed field. The didactic possibilities of a biology teacher are certainly incomparably wider than those of a mathematics teacher. To a different extent and in a different way, the historian will use the relevant parts of the curriculum, and another geography teacher. The areas and methods of pedagogical activity of a civic education teacher will also be special - compared to other teachers, class teachers, tutor of extracurricular activities or a scout team.
While the educational influences of the social environment are a set of accidental factors, education at school is conscious and organized on purpose. The expression and organizational form of this principle is the annual plan of didactic and educational work of the school approved by the teaching council, and implemented and enriched with individual means and methods of teachers' work, class teachers and guardians of extracurricular activities and youth organizations. Including the tasks of upbringing in sobriety in the appropriate dimensions in this plan may be a guarantee of uniformity, engaged and managerial position of teachers in relation to the problem with important educational consequences.
However, the most precise determination of the role of the teaching team will miss the intended purpose, if the teacher is not convinced of the importance and correctness of the task. The formal participation of the teacher in its implementation will be unmistakably assessed by students as a fiction serving to maintain appearances. Personal, sincere involvement of the educator determines the selection of the correct path to sincere beliefs and consistent attitude of the pupil. Therefore, the extensive factual and informational material contained in this study is primarily a premise for teachers' conclusions.
However, the educational process cannot be fulfilled solely by the teacher's activity, especially in mental and socio-moral education, the student's activity is of fundamental importance in assimilating information, shaping beliefs and consolidating habits.
Didactic and educational activities related to the attitude of sobriety must accompany various forms of activity of students.
They postulate, not to give students not only ready-made opinions and conclusions, but even entirely by the teacher of prepared factual material.
The cognitive attitude of the student is activated by the subject of "alcohol and its effects" as the subject of exercises in school workshops, it will also activate the task for students to prepare a personal assessment of a relevant literary work or film, an instruction to search the statistical yearbook for relevant data and to draw conclusions on this basis, etc. I do not multiply examples, a significant amount of which the teacher will find in the methodological proposals of the third part of our study.
The principle of students' active attitude should be the guiding principle of classes, which are directly or indirectly related to upbringing in sobriety.
The alcohol problem has many aspects that require direct and individualized methods of reaching out to the pupil by the educator. Nevertheless, in this area, one should remember about the general educational principle, that the most effective way for a teacher to reach a student is through an organized team of peers. Opinions are formed more easily in the team and it triggers activity more efficiently.