UNDERSTANDING THE ECONOMIC CASE
Effects of alcohol abuse on health, of law and principles of social coexistence are such a rich source of argumentation, that most of the time, the factual information constituting the premises is closed in this respect, on which students are to build conclusions.
The direction of the economic argument in combating excessive drinking is convincingly outlined by the following thought:
,,I am convinced, significant savings can be made without lowering the current standard of living, but only by reducing the consumption of vodka and other alcoholic beverages”.
Saving tendencies are more and more frequent among young people, which have their source in the constantly expanding possibilities of purchasing attractive industrial products (especially the automotive industry) and in real prospects of getting a flat, however, conditioned by the financial outlays of the interested party.
These kinds of abstinence motives can be persuasive, if they are supported by exact conversion factors in real dimensions for an average working person.
In the light of the tasks of civic education, the issue of the economic aspects of alcohol abuse cannot, of course, be reduced to savings understood in a personal and most immediate sense..
It is important to, to summarize approximately such effects of excessive drinking, such as lowering productivity and missing working days in production facilities, costs of treating alcoholics and helping their families, and finally, a significant percentage of economic crimes committed in connection with drunkenness. Students must then understand, that a large part of our income is drowned in alcohol.
Schematic treatment of the program and methods of upbringing in sobriety will not give the desired results, because students are influenced by the different customs of their environment when it comes to drinking alcohol. The intensity of drunkenness is also very uneven in different environments. There are not only specific families, but also specific environmental groups, where abstinence from adolescents is consistently required, but there are also such, where even children get used to tasting liquors.
Therefore, it is not possible to establish a program-methodological model, to play it passively in any environment, but the forms and methods of the teacher's work must take into account the appropriate developmental phases of the student, as in the entire didactic and educational process. Psychology and pedagogy determine the appropriate rules in this matter, and taking them into account, gives examples of didactic and educational techniques adapted to several developmental stages of school pupils.
The integration of the educational influences of the school and the environment is the assumption, but not yet a fact.
Drunkenness in some environments makes it difficult to bring up children and school youth due to a lot of connections and influences. This is an important reason for the need for teachers to engage in anti-alcohol activities in the social environment.
Vocational preparation, ideological attitude, the authority of the function performed and, in many cases, personal authority, is a set of factors, which are highly qualified teachers, as an activist on the frontline of the social anti-alcohol fight.
The most effective form of teachers' involvement in this fight is their participation in anti-alcohol activities. There are many other possibilities and opportunities, to achieve the intended goals outside the organizational framework.
Application, from the above statement, places additional responsibilities on teachers, but duties closely related to the social function of the teacher-educator.
POSITION OF AN OUTSTANDING SCIENTIST AND EDUCATOR
At the end of part one, which discusses the purpose and basic methods of educating students in sobriety, I present the way without comments, where Professor Tadeusz Kotarbiński sees counteracting the habit of excessive drinking.
Here she is:
“There is an inevitable need to raise awareness, persuade, encourage moderation in the consumption of vodka, someone, beer. But most of all, to practice activities and ways of being, which are incompatible with drunkenness, and this is all serious work, requiring constant consciousness, sober judgment and self-control. Creative ambitions in the field of intellect and technology, social ambitions, sporting ambitions are the antidote against a tendency to alcoholic blackouts”.